Skip to content Skip to footer

Toxic trace metals are possible culprits for the ongoing deaths of large numbers of lesser flamingos at Lake Nakuru, Kenya. In this section we explore the possible role of heavy metals in these deaths and examine instrumental methods utilized to evaluate levels of copper, zinc, lead and chromium present in Lake Nakuru sediment and suspended solid samples. These methods include anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV), atomic spectroscopy, and x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). Data sets are provided for each technique so that current levels can be calculated and compared to those contained in a report published in 1998.

Table of Contents

  • Identifying the Problem (WordPDF)
  • Introduction – Heavy Metals in Lake Nakuru (Word, PDF)
  • Metals Analysis by X-ray Fluorescence (Word, PDF)
  • Metals Analysis by Anodic Stripping Voltammetry (Word, PDF)
  • ** For instructor’s guide in a PDF or Word document, please contact Dr. Erin Gross
    • Introduction
    • X-ray Fluorescence
    • Anodic Stripping Voltammetry
    • Key for Atomic Spectroscopy
  • Assessment Questions: For Assessment questions that accompany this module, please contact Dr. Erin Gross

Dr. Erin Gross
Creighton University

Dr. Richard S. Kelly
East Stroudsburg University

Dr. Cynthia K. Larive

About Author